Dialectical Behavioural Therapy
DBT is an evidence-based approach that emphasizes the importance of balance between acceptance and change. The therapy is based on the assumption that some individuals may have difficulty regulating their emotions and behaviors due to a history of invalidation or a lack of skills to cope with intense emotions.
4 Modules of DBT
DBT consists of four main modules:
Mindfulness: Developing skills to increase awareness of the present moment, reduce judgment, and improve emotional regulation.
Interpersonal effectiveness: Developing skills to communicate effectively, manage conflicts, and set boundaries in relationships.
Emotion regulation: Developing skills to identify, understand, and regulate emotions, as well as to manage impulsive behaviors.
Distress tolerance: Developing skills to tolerate and cope with distressing situations without engaging in harmful behaviors.
DBT typically involves both individual therapy sessions and group skills training. During individual therapy, the therapist and client work together to address specific concerns and behaviors that are causing distress. Group skills training sessions involve learning and practicing specific skills in a supportive and structured environment.