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Mindful Inner Exploration

After a long and hectic day filled with a new work project demanding the acquisition of fresh skills and a pleasant yet tiring lunch with friends, you return home depleted of energy, unable to engage in anything productive or enjoyable. All you crave is to recline and drift into sleep.

Yet, there's an alternative. The mindfulness exercise known as the Mental Body Scan offers three valuable benefits: 1) it induces muscle relaxation and alleviates stress, 2) it fosters a deeper connection with your body, allowing you to discern its needs more clearly, 3) it instills a sense of mental serenity and rejuvenation. So instead of fretting about the cold you contracted just yesterday, you'll opt to attend to it in a calm and collected manner.



Practice relaxation by systematically exploring sensations throughout your body. (15 minutes) Repeat this routine daily for a week.

This practice is structured into three segments, focusing on distinct areas: the lower body, upper body, and the head. To begin, settle into a comfortable chair with your feet firmly planted on the floor. Select a tranquil space where interruptions are unlikely. Allocate 15 minutes for this exercise. For optimal results, perform it with closed eyes. Prior to commencing the mental body scan, gently close your eyes. Integrate this routine into your daily schedule for a week. Should you find it beneficial, feel free to incorporate it into your routine at your discretion.

Step 1: Cultivate Awareness of Your Lower Body

Devote approximately 5 minutes to this initial step. While seated in the chair, begin to notice the sensation of your feet making contact with the ground. Observe the connection they establish with the floor beneath you.

Tune in to how your feet feel. Begin with the toes, then shift your attention to the soles and up through the ankles. Are your feet fatigued? Do the soles ache from a busy day? Or do they feel well-rested and comfortable? It's possible that various thoughts or emotions may intrude at this juncture. Kindly acknowledge them, and gently redirect your focus back to your feet. In areas where you detect tension, take a deep breath in, and with each exhale, gradually release a portion of that tension.

Now, direct your awareness beyond your feet, towards the lower regions of your legs. Take note of any sensations you may experience in this area. Is it charged with energy, or does it feel more weighted?

Gradually shift your focus to your knees. Notice how the back of your knee connects with the chair you're seated on. How do your knees feel? Continue ascending your awareness and take in the sensations in your thighs. Are they calling for a rejuvenating workout, or do they feel at ease? Feel the contact of your thighs against the chair's surface. If your mind starts to meander, gently guide it back to the exercise. Now, shift your attention to your pelvic region and buttocks. Observe how your body connects with the chair.

Step 2: Cultivate Awareness of Your Upper Body

Allocate another 5 minutes to this phase. Begin with your torso. Take a moment to sense your stomach. How does it feel? Is it settled or perhaps a bit jittery? You might even realize you're a tad hungry. Acknowledge any sensation, no matter how subtle. Next, shift your attention to your lower back. Feel its contact with the chair's backrest.

The lower back tends to accumulate tension and fatigue. What is the state of your lower back? Is there any discomfort, or does it feel at ease? If you detect tension or any discomfort, simply inhale and exhale. Embrace whatever sensations your lower back is experiencing and continue with the exercise. If your mind starts to wander, gently redirect your focus back to your body.

Continue your scan, moving upwards, observing both the front and back of your chest. Sense the upper back pressing against the chair's surface, supporting your body. Take note of any sensations. If your mind starts to wander, gently acknowledge it and guide your focus back to your body.

Now, shift your awareness to your hands. Begin with the fingertips, moving through the fingers and onto the palm. Notice any sensations that arise. Are your hands resting in your lap or on the chair? Feel the connection between your hands and forearms with your lap or the chair. Gradually direct your attention up, passing through your forearms, elbows, and into the upper arms.

Step 3: Cultivate Awareness of Your Shoulders and Head

Spend 5 minutes on this step. The shoulders and neck are areas prone to tension, often due to stress. Focus your attention on these regions. Notice any sensations. Are there tense muscles? Perhaps you're experiencing neck discomfort from prolonged periods of sitting, be it in an office or at school.

Next, direct your attention upward towards your head. Take note of your chin, mouth, nose, eyes, and then ears. Do you perceive any physical sensations or tension? Pay close attention to how your head feels. Is there a hint of a headache, or does it exude a sense of relaxation and vitality? If your mind begins to wander, gently guide it back to the exercise.

Step 4: Record Your Observations on the Printable

Utilize the provided human body outline to note down areas where you experienced significant physical sensations, identifying which parts were particularly tense or relaxed. This step offers valuable insights into the effectiveness of the exercise. You may uncover previously unnoticed tension in specific areas of your body. With consistent practice over a week, you might even realize a recurring pattern of tension in a particular body part, shedding light on an aspect you hadn't noticed before!



Area of Focus


Step 1

Lower Body

- feet touching ground

- sensations in toes, soles, ankles

- assess fatigue or comfort

- address distractions, refocus

Step 2

Upper Body

- stomach sensations

- lower back contact with chair

- note tension or relaxation

- address distractions, refocus

​Step 3

Shoulders and Head

- shoulder and neck tension

- sensation in chin, mouth, nose, eyes, ears

- note any discomfort or relaxation

- address distractions, refocus

Step 4

Record Experiences on Paper

- note most notable sensation

- identify tense and relaxed areas

- discover previously unnoticed tension

​- observe patterns over time


Embodied Awareness: The Significance of the Mental Body Scan in Psychotherapy

The Mental Body Scan exercise holds a pivotal role in psychotherapy, fostering a deeper connection between the mind and body. This practice encourages individuals to cultivate acute self-awareness, honing their ability to attune to bodily sensations and emotional states. By systematically scanning different areas, clients can identify areas of tension, discomfort, or relaxation. This heightened awareness serves as an invaluable entry point for exploring and processing underlying emotional or psychological concerns within the therapeutic setting.

Integrating the Mental Body Scan into therapy sessions offers clients a practical tool for grounding themselves in the present moment and regulating their emotions. This practice enables them to navigate their internal landscape with greater insight and clarity. Furthermore, consistent engagement with the Mental Body Scan allows for the tracking of patterns and shifts in physical sensations over time. This provides therapists with a rich source of information, offering them valuable insights into the client's progress and highlighting areas that may necessitate further exploration or targeted intervention. Overall, the practice of the Mental Body Scan forms an integral component of psychotherapy, fostering a holistic approach to healing and self-discovery.



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